Medical Video: Surgery for Deep Brain Stimulation

 

Deep brain stimulation

Deep brain stimulation (DBS) uses a device called a “neurostimulator” to deliver electrical signals to the areas of the brain that control movement, pain, mood, weight, and awakening.  

The DBS system consists of three parts:

  • A thin, insulated wire called a lead, or electrode that is placed into the brain
  • The neurostimulator, which puts out the electric current. The stimulator is similar to a heart pacemaker. It is usually placed under the skin near the collarbone, but may be placed elsewhere in the body
  • Another thin, insulated wire called an extension that connects the lead to the neurostimulator.

FDA Approval

  • Reclaim DBS Therapy for OCD-H050003
  • a totally implanted brain stimulator intended to suppress symptoms associated with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) that are not adequately controlled with medications and/or other therapies.

The following video presents deep brain stimulation surgery on a woman who has a tremor that affects her hands by St. Luke’s-Roosevelt Hospital, New York City, NY

0308-Deep Brain Stimulation-1

DBS is commonly done for persons with Parkinson disease when the symptoms cannot be controlled by medicines. DBS does not cure Parkinson disease, but can help reduce symptoms such as:

  • Tremors
  • Rigidity
  • Stiffness
  • Slow movements
  • Walking problems

Deep brain stimulation may also be used to treat the following conditions:

  • Arm tremors related to multiple sclerosis
  • Major depression that does not respond well to medicines
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder
  • Pain that does not go away (chronic pain)
  • Severe obesity
  • Shaking movement that cannot be controlled and the cause is unknown (essential tremor)
  • Tourette syndrome (in rare cases)
  • Uncontrolled or slow movement (dystonia)

Read more from NIH >>

 

Deep Brain Stimulation Surgery on a Man with Tremor Presented by Northwestern School of Medicine