Mount Sinai Surgical Film Atlas

This video demonstrates the technique of total thyroid excision with lymph node removal for papillary thyroid cancer.

Causes

About 80% of all thyroid cancers diagnosed in the United States are the papillary carcinoma type. It is more common in women than in men. It may occur in childhood, but is most often seen in adults between ages 30 and 50.

The cause of this cancer is unknown. A genetic defect may be involved.

Radiation increases the risk of developing thyroid cancer. Exposure may occur from:

  • High-dose external radiation treatments to the neck, especially during childhood, used to treat childhood cancer or some non-cancerous childhood conditions
  • Radiation exposure from nuclear plant disasters

Radiation given through a vein (through an IV) during medical tests and treatments does not increase the risk of developing thyroid cancer.

  • Source: NIH